2 edition of quest for cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase in the duck salt gland. found in the catalog.
quest for cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase in the duck salt gland.
Felicity Kay Panchmatia
Written in English
|The Physical Object|
|Number of Pages||93|
Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinases and cGMP phosphodiesterases in nitric oxide and cGMP action. Pharmacol Rev. ; – Crossref Medline Google Scholar; 2. Tsai EJ, Kass DA. Cyclic GMP signaling in cardiovascular pathophysiology and therapeutics. Pharmacol Ther. ; – Crossref Medline Google Scholar; 3. Kass DA.
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CGMP-dependent protein kinase or Protein Kinase G (PKG) is a serine/threonine-specific protein kinase that is activated by cGMP. It phosphorylates a number of biologically important targets and is implicated in the regulation of smooth muscle relaxation, platelet function, sperm metabolism, cell division, and nucleic acid : Phospholamban of isolated sarcoplasmic reticulum of cardiac and smooth muscle is phosphorylated by cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (G-kinase).
Concomitantly, the affinity of the Ca2+ pump for Ca2+ is increased. These effects are very similar to those seen with cyclic AMP-dependent protein kinase (A-kinase).Cited by: Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinase: Structure and Function.
Cyclic GMP interacts with three known “receptor” proteins in cells: cyclic nucleotide-gated ion channels, cGMP binding phosphodiesterases, and PKG (recently reviewed in 1., 2.).
The only recognized and physiologically relevant receptor protein for cGMP in VSMC is : Thomas M. Lincoln, Hassan Sellak, Nupur Dey, Chung Sik Choi, Felricia Brown. Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (cGMP kinase) is involved in the relaxation of smooth muscle.
The enzyme has been cloned and expressed in eukaryotic cell lines but so far not in prokaryotic cells. Three vectors were constructed for the expression of Iα cGMP kinase in Escherichia coli.
Transformation with the pET3a/cgk vector which uses the Cited by: 9. Takashi Miyazawa, Yoshihiro Ogawa, Hideki Chusho, Akihiro Yasoda, Naohisa Tamura, Yasato Komatsu, Alexander Pfeifer, Franz Hofmann, Kazuwa Nakao, Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinase II Plays a Critical Role in C-Type Natriuretic Peptide-Mediated Endochondral Ossification, Endocrinology, VolumeIssue 9, 1 SeptemberPages – Cited by: Sauzeau V, Le Jeune H, Cario-Toumaniantz C, Smolenski A, Lohmann SM, Bertoglio J, et al.
Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase signaling pathway inhibits RhoA-induced Ca2+ sensitization of. It has been suggested that activation of cyclic GMP‐dependent protein kinase (PKG) is a necessary step in the chain of events leading to the production of negative inotropy by muscarinic receptor agonists in mammalian ventricles, and that some cyclic GMP‐elevating agents, such as sodium nitroprusside (SNP), fail to exert a negative inotropic effect because they elevate cyclic GMP.
The cyclic GMP (cGMP)/protein Kinase G (PKG) cascade is recognized as an endogenous apoptotic pathway in a number of cancer types, particularly breast and colon. Cyclic GMP is generated from GTP by two distinct guanylate cyclase (GC) types.
The effects of 8-Bromo-cyclic AMP and the interaction between cyclic AMP and cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase were significantly reduced. Several protein bands were phosphorylated less by these agents. This suggests that these target proteins might be important in exerting the negative effects of cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase.
These studies report on the activation and induction of cGMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) by exisulind and analogs and test the hypothesis that PKG is involved in the induction of apoptosis in colon tumor cells. Exisulind and analogs are proapoptotic drugs developed as inhibitors of cGMP phosphodiesterase gene families 5 and 2 that have been shown to sustain increased cGMP in SW.
The mechanisms regulating altered airway smooth muscle (ASM) cell tone and airway reactivity in asthma remain incompletely understood.
For vascular smooth muscle (VSM), the most important endogenous relaxation pathway is the nitric oxide (NO)-guanylate cyclase-cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase type I (PKGI) pathway in which endogenous NO from NO synthases or from.
Crucial regulator of intestinal secretion and bone growth (By similarity). Phosphorylates and activates CFTR on the plasma membrane. Plays a key role in intestinal secretion by regulating cGMP-dependent translocation of CFTR in jejunum (By similarity).
Acts downstream of NMDAR to activate the plasma membrane accumulation of GRIA1/GLUR1 in synapse and increase synaptic plasticity. It has been suggested that activation of cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) is a necessary step in the chain of events leading to the production of negative inotropy by muscarinic receptor agonists in mammalian ventricles, and that some cyclic GMP-elevating agents, such as sodium nitroprusside (SNP), fail to exert a negative inotropic effect because they elevate cyclic GMP levels in a.
Cyclic GMP-dependent Protein Kinase. Cyclic GMP–dependent protein kinase (PKG) is the principal enzyme that mediates cGMP-induced vasodilatation in various vessel types, including fetal and newborn pulmonary arteries and veins.
The enzyme exists as two types, type I and II, in mammals. Impaired relaxation of stomach smooth muscle in mice lacking cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase I.
Br J Pharmacol. ; – Crossref Medline Google Scholar; 21 Hedlund P, Aszodi A, Pfeifer A, Alm P, Hofmann F, Ahmad M, Fassler R, Andersson KE. Erectile dysfunction in cyclic GMP-dependent kinase I-deficient mice.
Abstract. The potent vasodilator action of cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (cGK) involves decreasing the Ca 2+ sensitivity of contraction of smooth muscle via stimulation of myosin light chain phosphatase through unknown mechanisms (Wu, X., Somlyo, A.
V., and Somlyo, A. ()Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun.–).). Myosin light chain phosphatase activity is controlled by the. Bandle E, Guidotti A. Studies on the cell location of cyclic 3',5'-guanosine monophosphate-dependent protein kinase in cerebellum.
Brain Res. Nov 10; (2)– Casnellie JE, Ives HE, Jamieson JD, Greengard P. Cyclic GMP-dependent protein phosphorylation in intact medial tissue and isolated cells from vascular smooth muscle.
Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase II is a molecular switch from proliferation to hypertrophic differentiation of chondrocytes. Genes Dev – CAS. Protein Kinase G. Protein Kinase G (PKG) is a cyclic GMP-dependent protein serine/threonine kinase that phosphorylates a variety of biological targets.
There are two subtypes of PKG: PKG1 and PKG2 and, due to alternative exon splicing, two isoforms of PKG1 - PKG1α and PKG1β. Abstract. Cyclic GMP (cGMP)-dependent protein kinase (G kinase) can be purified from bovine lung with the combination of ion-exchange chromatography, ammonium sulfate precipitation, and cyclic nucleotide affinity chromatography ().In this chapter, we describe the purification procedure that is routinely used in our laboratory.
Product Name NATE Protein Kinase A catalytic subunit human, Recombinant NATE Protein Kinase A Catalytic Subunit β, Active human, Recombinant For more information about enzyme products and services, please contact us at [email protected] Cite this entry as: () Cyclic GMP-dependent Protein Kinase.
In: Offermanns S., Rosenthal W. (eds) Encyclopedia of Molecular Pharmacology. Search book. Search within book. Type for suggestions. Table of contents Previous. Page Navigate to page number. of Next. About this reference work Cyclic GMP-dependent Protein Kinase. Cyclic GMP‐regulated Phosphodiesterases.
Cyclic Guanosine Monophosphate (Cyclic GMP; cGMP). Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase activation in canine tracheal smooth muscle by methacholine and sodium nitroprusside. Fiscus RR, Torphy TJ, Mayer SE.
Methacholine (3 microM) and sodium nitroprusside ( microM) increased cGMP-dependent protein kinase activity ratios (activity without cGMP divided by activity with 2 microM cGMP) in canine.
For example, cGMP-dependent protein kinase and NO significantly regulate the signal process of water-soluble hormones. Recently, we found [ 19 ] that the cGMP-dependent protein kinase 2 was nitrated in human pituitary control tissues; those data hint that the nitration of a cGMP-dependent protein kinase might mediate the signal processing of.
Komalavilas P, Lincoln T. M () Phosphorylation of the inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptor by cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase. J Biol Chem – View Article Google Scholar Wagner L.
E 2nd, Li W. H, Yule D. Basic Properties of cGMP-dependent Protein Kinase Isoforms. cGKs 1 belong to the family of serine/threonine kinases and are present in a variety of eukaryotes ranging from the unicellular organism Paramecium to Homo sapiens (1, 2).Mammals have two cGK genes, prkg1 and prkg2, that encode cGKI and N terminus (the first residues) of cGKI is encoded by two alternatively spliced.
Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is synthesized by nitric oxide or natriuretic peptide–stimulated guanylyl cyclases and exhibits pleiotropic regulatory functions in the kidney. Hence, integration of cGMP signaling by cGMP-dependent protein kinases (cGKs) might play a critical role in renal physiology; however, detailed renal localization of cGKs is still lacking.
The cyclic guanosine-3′,5′-monophosphate (cGMP)-dependent protein kinase (PKG) was identified >25 y ago; however, efforts to obtain a structure of the entire PKG enzyme or catalytic domain. Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase-I localized in nociceptors modulates nociceptive cortical neuronal activity and pain hypersensitivity Vijayan Gangadharan1, Xu Wang2,3 and Ceng Luo2 Abstract Chronic pain represents a frequent and poorly understood public health issue.
Numerous studies have documented the key. Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase II (cGKII; PRKG2) phosphorylates a variety of biological targets and has been identified as a gout-susceptible gene. However, the regulatory role of cGKII in triggering gout disease has yet to be clarified.
Thus, we plan to explore the specific function of cGKII in macrophages related to gout disease. By using cGKII gene knockdown method, we detected. Shuang Li, Jason C. Doss, Elizabeth J.
Hardee and Raymond M. Quock, Involvement of cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase in nitrous oxide-induced anxiolytic-like behavior in the mouse light/dark exploration test, Brain Research,1, (), ().
Cyclic GMP Phosphodiesterases and Regulation of Smooth Muscle Function Structure, Regulation, and Function of Mammalian Membrane Guanylyl Cyclase Receptors, With a Focus on Guanylyl Cyclase-A Cyclic GMP–Dependent Protein Kinases and the Cardiovascular System: Insights From Genetically Modified Mice Regulation of Gene Expression by Cyclic GMP.
Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) serves as an important physiological regulator of vascular reactivity and tone. However, available inhibitors of PKG have exhibited variable effects in intact tissue, hindering the elucidation of the functional role of PKG in blood vessels. In this study, we have determined the effects of our previously engineered potent and selective PKG Iα inhibitor.
Within recent correspondence 1,2 concerning the roles of cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP)/cGMP–dependent protein kinase (cGK or PKG), Du et al 1(p) state that their data 3,4 and ours 5 “clearly show that PKG inhibitors attenuate platelet aggregation induced by ristocetin and thrombin, and inhibit thrombin-induced ERK phosphorylation.”.” Unfortunately, this.
Abstract Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase (PKG) serves as an important physiological regulator of vascular reactivity and tone. However, available inhibitors of PKG have exhibited variable effects in intact tissue, hindering the elucidation of the functional role of PKG in blood vessels.
"Cyclic GMP-Dependent Protein Kinases" is a descriptor in the National Library of Medicine's controlled vocabulary thesaurus, MeSH (Medical Subject Headings).Descriptors are arranged in a hierarchical structure, which enables searching at various levels of specificity.
19 Boerth NJ, Dey N, Cornwell TL, Lincoln TM, Cyclic GMP-dependent protein kinase regulates vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype. J Vasc Res. ; – Crossref Medline Google Scholar; 20 Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.
Office of Science and Health Reports (DRR/NIH) The cyclic GMP–dependent protein kinase Ia suppresses kidney fibrosis Elisabeth Schinner1, Andrea Schramm1, Frieder Kees1, Franz Hofmann2 and Jens Schlossmann1 1Lehrstuhl fu ¨r Pharmakologie und Toxikologie, Institut fur Pharmazie, Universita¨t Regensburg, Regensburg, Germany and 2FORTU Mu¨nchen, Regensburg, Germany Cyclic guanosine monophosphate (cGMP) is synthesized by.
CGMP-zavisna proteinska kinaza (EC3':5'-ciklična GMP-zavisna proteinska kinaza, cGMP-zavisna proteinska kinaza Ibeta, guanozin 3':5'-ciklični monofosfat-zavisna proteinska kinaza, PKG, PKG 1alfa, PKG 1beta, PKG II, STK23) je enzim sa sistematskim imenom ATP:protein fosfotransferaza (cGMP-zavisni).
Ovaj enzim katalizuje sledeću hemijsku reakciju. A novel interaction of cGMP-dependent protein kinase 1 with troponin T. J Biol Chem. ; – Crossref Medline Google Scholar; 24 Mendelsohn ME. Regulation of vascular smooth muscle cell phenotype, vascular function and blood pressure by cyclic GMP-dependent protein Kinase 1 .Fallahian F, Karami-Tehrani F, Salami S, Aghaei M: Cyclic GMP induced apoptosis via protein kinase G in oestrogen receptor-positive and -negative breast cancer cell lines.
FEBS J.(18): /jx.Key Points: 1) Recognize the structure of G-protein coupled receptors and the heterotrimeric G-proteins 2) Describe the general signaling pathway(s) used by G-proteins and some of the second messengers activated by the pathway 3) Recognize the structure of protein kinase receptors and the general mechanism they use to initiate signaling in cells 4) Describe the second messengers activated by.